Dental cavities, or caries, are tiny holes in the hard surface of the teeth. They are caused by bacteria on the surface of teeth creating acid out of sugar. The most common culprit is a bacterium known as Streptococcus mutans.
The bacteria form a sticky film known as plaque. The acids in plaque remove minerals from (demineralize) your enamel — a coating of the teeth made mostly of calcium and phosphate. This erosion causes tiny holes in the enamel. Once the acid damage spreads into the dentin layer underneath the enamel, a cavity forms.
It is always important to see a dentist where oral issues arise but these home remedies also help (note that its best to see your dentist if symptoms persist) Check on home remedies for tooth decay and cavities.
1.) CUT OUT SUGARY FOODS
This is the cavity remedy that no one likes to hear — stop eating so much sugar.
The World Health OrganizationTrusted Source says that eating sugar is the most important risk factor for cavities. They recommend reducing your sugar intake to less than 10 percent of your total caloric intake for the day.
If you’re going to eat sugar, try not to snack on sugary foods throughout the day. Once the sugar is gone, your enamel has a chance to remineralize. But if you are constantly eating sugar, your teeth don’t get the chance to remineralize.
2.) USE SALT
Salt can also be used to treat cavities due to its antiseptic and antibacterial properties. It can reduce inflammation, ease pain, draw out any infection and prevent growth of bacteria in the mouth.
Dissolve 1 teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. Swish a mouthful of this solution around in your mouth for 1 minute, concentrating on the affected tooth. Follow this treatment 3 times a day until your symptoms subside.
Alternatively, mix 1/2 teaspoon of salt and a little mustard oil or lemon juice to make a paste. Massage the gums gently with this paste for a few minutes, then gargle with warm water. Repeat twice daily for a few days to kill bacteria.
3.) BRUSH WITH FLOURIDE TOOTHPASTE
Fluoride plays an important role in preventing cavities and remineralizing enamel. Extensive researchTrusted Source has been done to show that regularly brushing your teeth with a fluoride toothpaste prevents cavities.
Most studies have been conducted either in children or adolescents, so more research is needed in adults and the elderly.
4.) SUGAR- FREE GUM
Chewing sugar-free gum after meals have been shown in clinical trials to help remineralize enamel. Gum-containing xylitol has been researched extensively for its ability to stimulate saliva flow, raise the pH of plaque, and reduce S. mutans, but long-term studies are needed.
Sugar-free gum containing a compound called casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) has been shown to reduce S. mutans even more than xylitol-containing chewing gum. You can find this type of gum in stores.
5.) VITAMIN D
Vitamin D is important to help absorb calcium and phosphate from the food you eat. According to reports, there is an inverse relationship between eating foods high in vitamin D and calcium, like yogurt, and cavities in young children. You can get vitamin D from dairy products, like milk and yogurt. You can also get vitamin D from the sun.